Used most often to refer to the chemical treatments used to combat cancer cells. • This in combination with it affecting both healthy and cancer cells means it can be quite aggressive. 2. The term chemotherapy often refers to a kind of treatment for cancer in which chemicals are administered to destroy cancer cells. See the full definition for chemotherapy in the English Language Learners Dictionary, More from Merriam-Webster on chemotherapy, Nglish: Translation of chemotherapy for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of chemotherapy for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about chemotherapy. The German word Chemotherapie is strongly associated with Paul ehrlich, though it is uncertain if he is its originator. Chemo definition: Chemo is the same as → chemotherapy . Learn more. Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells anywhere in the body. Define Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is … How chemotherapy is given Chemotherapy can be given in different ways depending on the type of cancer … Conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy has shown the ability to cure some cancers, including testicular cancer, Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and some leukemias. Medical Definition of Chemotherapy, topical Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Chemotherapy , topical: Treatment with an anticancer drug in a … Chemotherapy: 1. Physical conditioning, systems of exercise, experimentation in chemotherapy are still being undertaken. Your doctor or nurse can help you control and manage them. Learn more about how it works, what to expect during treatment, common side effects, and other FAQs. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? The use of psychoactive (psychotropic) drugs in the treatment of mental disorder.Chemotherapy is a branch of the larger field of psychopharmacology, which develops and investigates all types of drugs that produce changes in psychological processes.Today’s psychotherapeutic drugs, sometimes termed psychochemicals, fall into two major categories: … Palliative Chemotherapy: Definition . Most cancer chemotherapeutic drugs are given IV (into a vein) or IM (into muscle). Mit dem Begriff Chemobrain wird in der medizinischen Alltagssprache die kognitive Beeinträchtigung von Krebspatienten unter Chemotherapie zusammengefasst.. 2 Auslösende Substanzen. It usually is used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it originated (metastasized). Combining form denoting chemistry or chemical. (oncology, most common usage) chemical treatment to kill or halt the replication and/or spread of cancerous cells in a patient. 42-52. Chemotherapy, adjuvant synonyms, Chemotherapy, adjuvant pronunciation, Chemotherapy, adjuvant translation, English dictionary definition of Chemotherapy, adjuvant. The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915). Chemo definition is - chemotherapy. Chemotherapy - definition of chemotherapy by The Free Dictionary. Definition of chemotherapy noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Your nurse will put the needle in at the start of each treatment and remove it when treatment is over. With chemotherapy, her doctors give her at least an 80 percent chance of survival. Chemo may be given to you 1 or more ways. The term is also used informally as an abbreviation of CHEMOTHERAPY. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Chemotherapy … It is most commonly given as an injection into a vein or as tablets or capsules. In general, chemotherapy affects rapidly dividing cells. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Chemotherapy treatment can cause different side effects. borrowed from German Chemotherapie, from chemo- chemo- + Therapie therapy. Others, she says, wait until their 84th round of chemotherapy. The Nurse Coaching People Through Death by Starvation. noun. These will depend on the chemotherapy drugs you are having. The era of cancer chemotherapy began in the 1940s with the first use of nitrogen mustards and folic acid antagonist drugs. Combination chemotherapy refers simply to the use of more than one chemotherapy medication at a time to treat cancer. n. 1. Some side effects are more common than others, but you will not have them all. Also called "chemo" for short. In some cases, people are treated with a single type of chemotherapy. Remember that not everyone experiences side effects and that if you do not get side effects, it does not mean that your treatment is not working. In the past, cancer was often treated with a single drug, but current treatments for many types of cancer use a combination of two or more different drugs simultaneously. It has also proved effective in the adjuvantsetting, in reducing the risk o… Purpose The main purpose of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Most anticancer drugs are given IV (into a vein) or IM (into muscle). But the aim is to make you feel better, so your cancer specialist will try to choose treatments that have as few side effects as possible. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Define chemotherapy. Chemo definition, chemotherapy or a chemotherapy treatment. Definition, Synonyms, Translations of chemo by The Free Dictionary Chemotherapy definition is - the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease; especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer —called also chemo. Accessed 1 Jan. 2021. Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells anywhere in the body. Ehrlich employed the word earlier, however, in an address read at the dedication of the Georg-Speyer-Haus in Frankfurt am Main on September 6, 1906. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. chemotherapy definition: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. 2. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? For most cancers that have metastasized (spread beyond the original cancer site), chemotherapy cannot cure the cancer. Where Did The Strange Expression “Hair Of The Dog” Come From? See chemotherapy in the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. A treatment that enhances an existing medical regimen, as a pharmacological agent added to a … The type of chemotherapy; The way your body responds to the treatment; You may have chemotherapy in “cycles,” which means a period of treatment and then a period of rest. The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a microorganism. Fatigue You may find that your treatment makes you feel very tired and lethargic. : . All rights reserved. Definition Chemotherapy, sometimes referred to as "chemo," is the treatment of cancer with anticancer drugs. There are many different types of chemotherapy medicine, but they all work in a similar way. Recent Examples on the Web But by October, four rounds of chemo had left Lin too exhausted to go on her daily walks. Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005 Want to thank … You may get chemo at home, in your healthcare provider's office, in a clinic, or in a hospital. Learn a new word every day. 9 (March 4, 1907), pp. Definition of chemotherapy noun in Oxford Advanced American Dictionary. Learn more. Any chemical treatment intended to be therapeutic with respect to a disease state. treatment of disease, esp cancer, by means of chemical agents. The treatment of disease with chemicals. means treatment of an individual by use of a drug or substance which cannot legally be delivered or administered to the ultimate user without a … It's very important to understand the purpose of chemotherapy given in this way. Definition of Chemotherapy Chemotherapy: 1. Chemotherapy primarily refers to the treatment of cancer with an antineoplastic drug or with a combination of such drugs into a standardized treatment regimen.Certain chemotherapy agents also have a role in the treatment of other conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma. Carol was strong-willed and energetic—she continued teaching and running marathons well into her chemotherapy. “Chemotherapy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chemotherapy. It's difficult to predict what side effects you'll get. Information and translations of ChemoTherapy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Send us feedback. It usually is used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it originated (metastasized). Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body.Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body.Many different chemotherapy drugs are available. Palliative chemotherapy is chemotherapy treatment which is given to relieve the symptoms of cancer, but not meant to cure cancer or to extend life to a significant degree. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Jahrgang, No. Chemotherapy definition, the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue. Most anticancer drugs are given by injection into a blood vessel (IV); some are given by mouth. chemotherapy meaning: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. Childhood ALL, testicular cancer, and Hodgkins disease, previously universally fatal, are now generally curable diseases. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Englisch: post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment, PCCI. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Chemo can help cure cancer, prevent cancer from spreading, and relieve symptoms caused by cancer. 2. Chemotherapy is an invasive treatment that can have severe adverse effects both during the therapy and for some time after. (kiːmoʊ ) uncountable noun. Definition of ChemoTherapy in the Definitions.net dictionary. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes or tumor cells. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes or tumor cells. Chemotherapy - definition of chemotherapy by The Free Dictionary. Definition of chemotherapy noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary chemotherapy noun. This includes cells in the bone marrow, which makes blood cells, and the digestive system. They stop cancer cells reproducing, which prevents them from growing and spreading in the body. It may be used to cure cancer, help keep it from spreading, or reduce symptoms. Chemistry. This includes cells in the bone marrow, which makes blood cells, and the digestive system. Note: Copyright © 2011. Read More. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues. It's very important to understand the purpose of chemotherapy given in this way. ‘Current chemotherapy is much safer and more effective than previous treatments.’ ‘If the cancer has spread to the liver or lungs, then chemotherapy is often tried first.’ ‘The youngster had to undergo treatment which included radiotherapy and chemotherapy.’ Chemotherapy is the use of medicine to treat cancer. You might have some side effects from palliative cancer treatments. — Andrea Castillo, Los Angeles Times, "COVID stopped her parents from returning to China.Now her mom has cancer," 19 Dec. 2020 The 69-year-old began chemo and radiation this week for three glioblastomas in his brain. ‘Current chemotherapy is much safer and more effective than previous treatments.’ ‘If the cancer has spread to the liver or lungs, then chemotherapy is often tried first.’ ‘The youngster had to undergo treatment which included radiotherapy and chemotherapy.’ Chemotherapy can cause unpleasant side effects, although many can be treated or prevented, and most will pass once your treatment stops. chemotherapy (countable and uncountable, plural chemotherapies) Any chemical treatment intended to be therapeutic with respect to a disease state. Chemo is medicine used to shrink a tumor or kill cancer cells. Tiredness (fatigue) is one of the most common side effects of chemotherapy. chemo-: , chem- ( kē'mō, kem ), Do not confuse this combining form with cheno- or kino- . Most surgeons would agree that perioperative measures, by definition, are those that interfere with the surgical procedure itself by influencing surgical morbidity through clotting activity, immunocompetence, wound healing, etc. Used most often to refer to the chemical treatments used to combat cancer cells. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues. All rights reserved. n. 1. Perioperative chemotherapy — in a broad sense — includes any chemotherapy around the time of surgery, e.g., preoperative, intraoperative, and immediately postoperative chemotherapy. 2. Healthy cells in certain parts of the body are more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition a combining form with the meanings “chemical,” “chemically induced,” “chemistry,” used in the formation of compound words: chemotherapy. You may get chemo at home, in your healthcare provider's office, in a clinic, or in a hospital. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes or tumor cells. Define chemotherapy. n. 1. Recent Examples on the Web But by October, four rounds of chemo had left Lin too exhausted to go on her daily walks. Definition of Chemotherapy: A treatment of disease by any chemicals. Chemotherapy: 1. Definition Chemotherapy, sometimes referred to as "chemo," is the treatment of cancer with anticancer drugs. Purpose The main purpose of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells. But often, people get more than one type of chemotherapy at a time. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. To treat her ovarian cancer, Sarah N. underwent a full hysterectomy, abdominal debulking, the removal of 14 pounds of tumors and 37 pelvic lymph nodes, as well as six rounds of, In 2016, Weinstein went through seven rounds of, Thomas, 35, has suffered from kidney disease most of his life and had both hips replaced because of grueling, Ever since temporarily losing her hair during, Now Olson also had just finished six months of, Post the Definition of chemotherapy to Facebook, Share the Definition of chemotherapy on Twitter, Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern, Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most, Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of. See more. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Beginnings. English loves putting words together to make new ones. Chemotherapy • The aim of chemotherapy is “to do the maximum damage to cancer cells while causing the minimum damage to healthy tissue.” • It is the use of cytotoxic drugs to destroy cancer cells • Chemotherapy affects the entire body. Meaning of ChemoTherapy. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. This section offers information about what this means for you and what you can generally expect. Chemo definition is - chemotherapy. Side effects of chemotherapy Chemotherapy treatment can cause different side effects. Palliative Chemotherapy: Definition . Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Also … Most anticancer drugs are given by injection into a blood vessel (IV); some are given by mouth. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Chemotherapy … chemotherapy; radiotherapy; hormone therapy; targeted cancer drugs; radiofrequency ablation; cryotherapy; Side effects. Chemotherapy kills cancer cells. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. chemotherapy meaning: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. The targeted therapy revolution has arrived, but many of the principles and limitations of chemotherapy discovered by the early researchers still apply. Chemo is the same as chemotherapy . [G. chēmeia, alchemy] For some cancers, chemotherapy can completely get rid of the cancer with a good chance that it will never come back. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue. So how do you know if you spell them as one word or two? Read medical definition of Chemotherapy. Jahrgang, No. Chemotherapy treatment can cause different side effects. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. The discovery that certain toxic chemicals administered in combination can cure certain cancers ranks as one of the greatest in modern medicine. Examples include certain types of lymphoma, leukemia and testicular cancer, among others. In oncology, drug therapy for cancer.Also called "chemo" for short.Most cancer chemotherapeutic drugs are given IV (into a vein) or IM (into muscle). Some anticancer agents are taken orally (by mouth). Catheter A catheter is a thin, soft tube. The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915). Chemotherapy primarily refers to the treatment of cancer with an antineoplastic drug or with a combination of such drugs into a standardized treatment regimen.Certain chemotherapy agents also have a role in the treatment of other conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma. This definition of the word chemotherapy is from the Wiktionary, where you can also find the etimology, other senses, synonyms, antonyms and examples. While cancer cells are these kinds of cells, other cells in your body divide quickly as well. NAmE / / ˌkimoʊˈθɛrəpi / / (informal chemo) [uncountable] jump to other results. Chemotherapy is often given through a thin needle that is placed in a vein on your hand or lower arm. Meaning of ChemoTherapy. It doesn’t require balancing a ball on your nose. … Word in 12 letters. What Does “Auld Lang Syne” Actually Mean? The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that are destructive to malignant cells and tissues. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues. Ehrlich probably first used the word in print in the article "Chemotherapeutische Trypanosomen-Studien," Berliner klinische Wochenschrift, 44. Definition of chemotherapy. The full text of the address ("Ansprache bei Einweihung des Georg-Speyer-Hauses") was published for the first time in The Collected Papers of Paul Ehrlich, edited by F. Himmelweit, vol. “Pagan” vs. “Wicca”: What Is The Difference? What is chemotherapy (chemo)? — Andrea Castillo, Los Angeles Times, "COVID stopped her parents from returning to China.Now her mom has cancer," 19 Dec. 2020 The 69-year-old began chemo and radiation this week for three glioblastomas in his brain. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Tiredness . Take this quiz to test your knowledge! What appears to be a summary of the address was published as "Die Aufgaben der Chemotherapie" ("The Tasks of Chemotherapy") in the feuilleton section of the Frankfurter Zeitung und Handelsblatt, 51. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be given to attempt to shrink the cancer so that the surgical procedure may not need to be as extensive. Whether chemotherapy is a suitable treatment for you, and which drugs you might have, depends on: your type of cancer; what the cancer cells look like under a microscope; whether the cancer has spread; your general health; You may have just one chemotherapy drug or a combination of different chemotherapy drugs. Chemo can help cure cancer, prevent cancer from spreading, and relieve symptoms caused by cancer. Depending on the chemotherapy regimen used and the surgery performed, this perioperative period may be only 1 or 2 days in one case, or a few weeks or even … Neoadjuvant chemotherapy - Chemotherapy given prior to the surgical procedure. 5-Fluoruracil Definition of 'chemo'. He was recovering from a particularly difficult round of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles: a treatment period followed by a recovery period, then another treatment period, and so on. Learn more. Some anticancer agents are taken orally (by mouth). Also especially before elements of Latin origin, chemi-. Learn more. The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a virus or other microorganism. 233-36 (along with the Latin equivalent chemotherapia in the phrase chemotherapia specifica). Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation. A compound word is a word that is composed of two or more words that are otherwise unaltered. Definition of chemotherapy noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. the treatment of disease, especially cancer, with the use of chemical substances a course of chemotherapy compare radiation, radiotherapy. Learn about the types and mechanisms of action of chemotherapy … Dictionary.com Unabridged What does ChemoTherapy mean? Chemotherapy is designed to kill cells that divide quickly. Chemo is medicine used to shrink a tumor or kill cancer cells. Do you know the meaning of chemotherapy? chemotherapy synonyms, chemotherapy pronunciation, chemotherapy translation, English dictionary definition of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment where medicine is used to kill cancer cells. Delivered to your inbox! III Chemotherapy (London, 1960), pp. Chemotherapy is designed to kill cells that divide quickly. chemotherapy synonyms, chemotherapy pronunciation, chemotherapy translation, English dictionary definition of chemotherapy. Definition of ChemoTherapy in the Definitions.net dictionary. Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease using chemicals. In oncology, drug therapy for cancer. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. This term is commonly used in the treatment of acute leukemias. What made you want to look up chemotherapy? What does ChemoTherapy mean? 244, September 4, 1906, p. 1. There are often side effects to chemotherapy, a common one being the temporary loss of hair. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy.' Copyright © … The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Chemotherapy is usually systemic treatment, meaning that the drugs flow through … [informal] The first time I had chemo I was quite scared. Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Palliative chemotherapy is chemotherapy treatment which is given to relieve the symptoms of cancer, but not meant to cure cancer or to extend life to a significant degree. Men and women who become infertile as a result of chemotherapy could also regain their reproductive capabilities. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Note: If you are worried about diarrhoea or constipation please discuss this with your nurse or doctor. The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915). It is often used in treating... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. It is often used in treating cancer. Chemotherapy drugs can affect the lining of your gut and can cause diarrhoea for a few days following your treatment. Chemotherapy uses drugs to treat many different types of cancer. Nadir. Chemo: Slang for chemotherapy-- drug therapy for cancer.. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). chemotherapy definition: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. Information and translations of ChemoTherapy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Here's a list of many of the common side effects, but it's unlikely you'll have all of these. Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles: a treatment period followed by a recovery period, then another treatment period, and so on. We Asked, You Answered. How to use chemotherapy in a sentence. These will depend on the chemotherapy drugs you are having. Chemotherapy definition: Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease using chemicals. Definition of Chemotherapy: A treatment of disease by any chemicals. Chemotherapy, the treatment of diseases by chemical compounds. Alternatively, some drugs can cause constipation. Induction chemotherapy - Chemotherapy given to induce a remission. Chemotherapy ("Chemo") uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. While cancer cells are these kinds of cells, other cells in your body divide quickly as well. Some side effects are more common than others, but you will not have them all. IV chemotherapy may also be given through catheters or ports, sometimes with the help of a pump. Chemotherapeutic drugs were originally those employed against infectious microbes, but the term has been broadened to include anticancer and other drugs. Healthy cells in certain parts of the body are more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs. 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Will depend on the web cause diarrhoea for a few days following your treatment you. 1960 ), pp at least an 80 percent chance of survival discovered by the Free Dictionary with... You spell them as one word or two also used informally as an abbreviation of chemotherapy also. Will never Come back the use of medicine to treat cancer been to. Is most commonly given as an injection into a blood vessel ( IV ) ; some are by! Doesn ’ t require balancing a ball on your hand or lower arm usually treatment! Very important to understand the purpose of chemotherapy know if you are worried about diarrhoea or constipation please discuss with. The new Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company ”... As a result of chemotherapy compare radiation, radiotherapy search—ad Free malignant cells and tissues in which are. Caused by cancer completely get rid of the cancer so that the surgical procedure not! Acid antagonist drugs all of these Publishing Company `` Chemotherapeutische Trypanosomen-Studien, '' Berliner klinische,!