To the north of Gilead was Bashan, and to the south were Moab and Ammon. Yet his children would one day come to possess the land of Gilead, and its balm would be theirs to make their fortunes from (Joshua 17:1). It was He who passed (whether seen or unseen) with that company that redeemed Joseph from death. Genesis 31:21 . The same expression in In Hebrew, .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}גלעד‎ (transcribed Gilad or Ghil'ad) is used as a male given name and is often analysed as deriving from גיל‎ (gil) "happiness, joy" and עד‎ (ad) "eternity, forever"; i.e. Bibliography Information It is now within the Kingdom of Jordan. The Lord Jesus IS the Balm of Gilead. "Half Gilead" was possessed by Sihon, and the other half, separated from it by the river Jabbok, by Og, king of Bashan. In the lower ground are found the tamarisk and the lotus, with many a waving cane-brake. At length Tiglath-pileser overran the country and transported many of the inhabitants (2 Kings 15:29). The Yarmuk and the Zerqa (see JABBOK) are the main streams, but almost every valley has its perennial brook. The Bible uses the term “balm of Gilead” metaphorically as an example of something with healing or soothing powers. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gilead, Bible Dictionaries - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - Gilead, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gilead (1), Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gilead (2), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Gilead was an area east of the Jordan River. Gilead or Gilad (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ l i ə d /; Hebrew: גִּלְעָד ‎, Arabic: جلعاد ‎ – Ǧalʻād, Jalaad) is the name of three persons and two geographic places in the Bible.Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. It greatly increases the difficulty that so many of the cities named are still unidentified. In the North Gilead bordered upon Geshur and Maacah (Joshua 13:11,13); and here the natural boundary would be formed by the deep gorge of the Yarmuk and Wady esh-Shellaleh. A balm is a salve mixture made from plants that is used to make medicine and is usually aromatic. From its mountainous character it is called "the mount of Gilead" ( Genesis 31:25 ). On Gilead's north side was Aram (Syria). The loT, translated "myrrh" in the above passage, was probably the gum produced by the Cistus ladaniferus, a flower which still abounds in Gilead. It has been suggested (Studer, Comm., at the place) that, as the Midianites lay between the men of the northern tribes and their homes, they were told to cross the Jordan, make a detour through Gilead, and thus avoid the enemy. Meaning: the heap or mass of testimony . "Balm of Gilead" has three references in the Bible. Gilead." The deep ravine of the river Yarmuk (the Classical-period Hieromax, modern-day Shari'at al-Manaḍirah) separated Bashan from Gilead, which was about 60 miles (97 km) in length and 20 miles (32 km) in breadth, extending from near the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret to the north end of the Dead Sea. (r) Meaning,that no man's help or means could save them: for in Gilead was precious balm, Jer 46:11 or else deriding the vain confidence of the people, who looked to their priests for help, who would have been the physicians of their soul, and dwelt at Gilead, Ho 6:8. Gilead or Gilad is the name of three persons and two geographic places in the Bible. 2.Bashan: The scenery is more beautiful and picturesque than that of any other district of Palestine. Thus, the first application of the Balm of Gilead. Above this lies the hard, impervious dolomite limestone which appears in 'the rugged hills round' the Jabbok and in Jebel `Ajlun, rising on an average 1,500 ft. above the sandstone and forming the bed of the copious springs. The Syrians asserted their supremacy in Gilead (2 Kings 10:32) where Moab and Israel had contended with varying fortune (M S). It is covered in part by the more recent white marls which form the curious peaks of the foothills immediately above the Jordan valley; but reaches above them to an elevation of 1,000 ft. above the Mediterranean on the South, and forms the bed of the Buqei`a basin farther East, and 1,000 ft. higher. "Gilead" mentioned in the Book of Hosea may refer to Ramoth-Gilead, Jabesh-Gilead, or the whole Gilead region; "Gilead is a city of those who work iniquity; it is stained with blood" (Hosea 6:8). The Ishmaelites from Gilead (Genesis 37:25) were carrying "spicery and balm and myrrh." With the reassertion of Moslem supremacy a curtain falls over the history of the district; and only in comparatively recent times has it again become known to travelers. GILEAD gĭl’ ĭ əd (גִּלְעָ֖ד, meaning uncertain; Apoc., GALAAD).. 1. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Thus the plateau becomes desert, while the hill slopes abound in streams and springs; and for this reason Western Gilead is a fertile country, and Eastern Gilead is a wilderness (Conder, DB, under the word). This seems to have led to a reconquest of the land by heathenism, and return to Gilead was promised to Israel (Zechariah 10:10). why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered? (Judges 11:1). Useful information will be found in Merrill, East of the Jordan; Oliphant, Land of Gilead; Thomson, LB; and especially in Conder, Heth and Moab, and in Memoirs of the Survey of Eastern Palestine. hill of testimony, ( Genesis 31:21 ), a mountainous region east of Jordan. Joab's census included Gilead (2 Samuel 24:6). Bible verses about Gilead. While not so rich as the volcanic loam in the North and in and the South, the soil of Gilead amply repays the labor of the husbandman. Below are the English definition details. The name Jebel Jil`ad is still, indeed, applied to a mountain South of Nahr ez-Zerqa and North of es-Salt; but this does not meet the necessities of the passage as it stands. It is called also "the land of Gilead" ( Numbers 32:1 ), and sometimes simply "Gilead" ( Psalms 60:7 ; Genesis 37:25 ). The two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. The second is the father of Jephthah, a man who became a Judge in Israel from 1087 to 1081 B.C. The name Jebel Jil`ad is still, indeed, applied to a mountain South of Nahr ez-Zerqa and North of es-Salt; but this does not meet the necessities of the passage as it stands. A mountainous region E of the Jordan.Often mentioned in the OT, in its broadest sense it can be applied to all of Israelite Trans-Jordan (cf. Gilead was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River, situated in modern-day Jordan. 1915. If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). Is it a real thing, or simply a metaphor for something else? In Genesis 37:25, as Joseph’s brothers contemplated how to kill him, a caravan of Ishmaelites passed by on their way to Egypt from Gilead. From its mountainous character, it is called the mount of Gilead (Genesis 31:25; Song 4:1). The mention of Gilead refers to the Bible in which the balm of Gilead was a healing ointment, implying that the narrator's only cure to depression is to be reunited with Lenore in Heaven. Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). This mountain commands a most spacious view. The deep ravine of the river Hieromax (the modern Sheriat el-Mandhur) separated Bashan from Gilead, which was about 60 miles in length and 20 in breadth, extending from near the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret to the north end of the Dead Sea. That’s what we’re going to explore in this post. The best place to discover the true meaning behind the balm of Gilead is the Bible. From the Yarmuk to Nahr ez-Zerqa is the district of `Ajlun; and from the Zerqa to the Arnon is el-Belqa. The land of Gilead, where the mountain stood, was within the limits of the land of Canaan as understood in a broad sense. The name Jebel Jil`ad is still, indeed, applied to a mountain South of Nahr ez-Zerqa and North of es-Salt; but this does not meet the necessities of the passage as it stands. The territory where this salve came from (an area north of the Salt (Dead) Sea in the land of Israel) was originally given by God to Manasseh as an inheritance when the children of Israel entered the Promised Land. Gilead is also a personal name and... See full answer below. But there is more to the meaning of this Balm of Gilead. If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). Meaning of Gilead in Easy English – The east part of the land of Israel. At times used for the entire Israelite territory east of the Jordan, where the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh lived. Again, along with Bashan, it indicates the land East of Jordan, as distinguished from the Moab plateau ( Deuteronomy 3:10; Joshua 13:11; 2 Kings 10:33 ). Three Biblical men are named Gilead. The frontiers between the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh cannot be indicated with any certainty. During the Roman period, especially in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, the land enjoyed great prosperity. Before Ramoth-gilead, which he sought to win back from the Syrians who had captured it, Ahab received his death wound (1 Kings 22:1). So ... ‘ Do not spend the night at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means cross over, or else the king and all the people who are with him will be destroyed. The region of Gilead was noted for this ointment, a secretion of the balsam tree. From old time Gilead was famed for its BALM (which see). "Entry for 'GILEAD (2)'". They needed the true physician, Jesus. Gilead or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/;[1] Hebrew: גִּלְעָד‎, Arabic: جلعاد‎ – Ǧalʻād, Jalaad) is the name of three persons and two geographic places in the Bible. Above this again is the white chalk of the desert plateau, the same as that found in Samaria and Lower Galilee, with bands of flint or chert in contorted layers, or strewn in pebbles on the surface. On their behalf Judas Maccabeus invaded the country and met with striking success (1 Macc 5:9). (1) A city named in Hosea 6:8; 12:11, possibly to be identified with Gilead near to Mizpah (Judges 10:17). (1) A son of Machir, grandson of Manasseh (Numbers 26:29,30). 1915. It was from the ruggedness of this hard limestone that Gilead obtained its name. גִּלְעָד), the central region east of the Jordan, approximately between the river Yarmuk in the north and the northern end of the Dead Sea in the south. Gideon, ordered to reduce the number of men who were with him, commanded all who were "fearful and trembling" to "return and depart from Mt. Back to Words index : Back to Place words index Gilead. What does the source Hebrew word גִּלְעָד mean and how is it used in the Bible? (source) Question: "What is the significance of the land of Gilead in the Bible?" God shows Israel that they’d turned to a temporary healing solution, but they had far deeper spiritual cuts that needed ultimate healing. GILEAD (Heb. The average height of the range is about 4,000 ft. above the Jordan valley, or 3,000 ft. above the Mediterranean. Numbers 23:20, "I cannot reverse it," where the same word is used). The uplands of Gilead may be described as the crumpling of the edge of the great eastern plateau ere it plunges into the Ghor. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. At a later time the Jewish residents in Gilead were exposed to danger from their heathen neighbors. The Bible uses the term “balm of Gilead” metaphorically as an example of something with healing or soothing powers. Gilead Bible Meaning: Rocky region Strong's Concordance #H1568. The modern division of the country follows the natural features. "Gilead" - discussed most often in the books of Judges (18), Joshua (15) and Chronicles-1 (12). Of flowers the most plentiful are the phlox, the cistus and the narcissus. If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). of And they (Joseph's brothers) sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites (descendants of Hagar, Abraham and Sarah's maid; name means "God will hear") came from Gilead … Solomon had two commissariat districts in Gilead (1 Kings 4:13,19). ’” 2 Samuel 17:22. Damascum , which Knabenbauer explains, "I will not avert its destruction, will not turn it aside from its downward course." The last suggestion is favored by the presence of a strong spring under the northern declivity of Gilboa, nearly 2 miles from Zer`in, possibly to be identified with the Well of Harod. In pre-Israelite times the Jabbok (Nahr ez-Zerqa), which cuts the country in two, divided the kingdom of Sihon from that of Og (Deuteronomy 3:16; Joshua 12:2). After the conquest, as we have seen, Gilead passed mainly into the hands of Gad. Genesis 31:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over the river, and set his face toward the mount Gilead. NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names assume that the first part of the name Gilead, like that of the names Galeed and Gilgal, comes from the verb גלל ( galal ), meaning to roll: During the Exodus, "half Gilead" was possessed by Sihon, and the other half, separated from it by the river Jabbok, by Og, king of Bashan (Numbers 20). It is now within the Kingdom of Jordan. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Attempts were made to recover it for Christianity by Baldwin I (1118 AD) and Baldwin II (1121 AD); and the Crusaders left their mark in such strong-holds as Kal`at er-Rabad and the castle at es-Salt. Mount Gilead--literally, "Mount of the Gilead"--may refer to some particular height which we have now no means of identifying (Genesis 31:23). Orr, James, M.A., D.D. [2] There also exists an alternative theory that it means 'rocky region'. Gilead." General Editor. But what does “balm of Gilead” mean? Gen 31:21 . "Gilead" - mentioned in 19 books and occurs 92 times in the Bible. There also exists an alternative theory that it means 'rocky region'. The people of Jericho today prepare for the benefit of pilgrims a "Balm of Gilead" from the zaqqum (Balanites Aegyptiaca), but this has no serious claims to be the balm of antiquity. The theme of Genesis 30:1-3 runs throughout the story. We’ll discover the true meaning behind the balm of Gilead, and why it’s important to know. "eternal happiness". All rights reserved. Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor are its mountains mentioned in Scripture. Gilead, Gileadite, Gilad, a region East of the Jordan Hebrew: גִּלְעָד, gilʿād (H1568) 93 King James Bible Verses. Gilead literally translates the meaning as the Eyes keeping the citizens under control so that they go along with their daily lives obeying the law. North of the Jabbok are many villages, and a fair amount of cultivation. Salem Media Group. Gideon and his army lay to the South of the plain of Jezreel on the lower slopes of Gilboa. "Entry for 'GILEAD (1)'". "Balm of Gilead" has three references in the Bible. It is called also the land of Gilead (Numbers 32:1, Judges 10:4) in many translations, and sometimes simply Gilead (Genesis 37:25; Judges 10:8; Psalm 60:7). Several people and places in the Bible bear the name and the name Gilead means mountain or hill country, according to Bible Hub. Gilead was on the east side of the Jordan river. Mount Gilead-literally, "Mount of the Gilead"-may refer to some particular height which we have now no means of identifying (Genesis 31:23). Hawthorn, mastic and arbutus abound, while many a glen and slope is shady with shaggy oak woods, and, in the higher reaches, with pines. An Ammonite attack was repulsed by the prowess of Jephthah (Judges 11:1); and the spite of the Ephraimites was terribly punished (Judges 12:1). "Balm of Gilead" is referred to in the bible (“Is there no balm in Gilead” Genesis Chapter 37). King David fled to Mahanaim in Gilead during the rebellion of Absalom. Gilead at first favored the cause of Ishbosheth (2 Samuel 2:9), but after the murder of that prince the Gileadites came with the rest of Israel to David (2 Samuel 5:1). (3) The name is applied generally to the mountain mass lying between the Yarmuk on the North, and Wady Chesban on the South; the Jordan being the boundary on the West, while on the East it marched with the desert. A striking point (2,700 ft.) fully 2 miles Northwest of `Ajlun, is crowned by Qal`at er-Rabad, whence again a view of extraordinary extent is gained. "GILEAD BALM OF" in the KJV Bible. GILEAD (Heb. Then were built such cities as Gadara and Gerasa, which are still imposing, even in ruins. The balm of Gilead is mentioned three times in the Bible, but takes no central part in any account and is used as a metaphor in two of the appearances. It was used in various healing mixtures and sold to various countries like Egypt. To the East of it lies the hollow (an old lake bottom) of el-Buqei`a, fully 1,500 ft. lower. HAVVOTH-JAIR (which see), "the villages of Jair," lay in Gilead (Judges 10:4). Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. Genesis 19:1-38 ESV / 3 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. It comprised the possessions of the tribes of Gad and Reuben and the south part of Manasseh ( Deuteronomy 3:13 ; Numbers 32:40 ). Gilead or Gilad (; Hebrew: גִּלְעָד‎, Arabic: جلعاد‎ – Ǧalʻād, Jalaad) is the name of three people and two geographic places in the Bible. It corresponds today to the northwestern part of the Kingdom of Jordan. Now that is one of the lovely ironies of the Bible story, that Joseph was thrown in with the spices and the balm, as just another piece of merchandise. Gilead definition, a district of ancient Palestine, E of the Jordan River, in present N Jordan. Gilead is later mentioned as the homeplace of the prophet Elijah. Exact Match. Answer: Gilead was a fertile, mountainous area east of the Jordan River. What does the source Hebrew word גִּלְעָד mean and how is it used in the Bible? The same expression in Deuteronomy 3:12 obviously stands for the whole country. The term was applied to the entire central section of Israelite Trans-Jordan (2 Kings 10:33). Name of three people and two geographical locations in the Bible, Hebrew Dictionary, Strong's Concordance of the Bible, reference #5707, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gilead&oldid=996602583, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The son of Michael and father of Jaroah, in the Gadite genealogies (, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 16:15. When Joseph’s brothers conspired against him in Genesis 37, they sold him to a caravan of Ishmaelites from the region of Gilead carrying a load of gum, balm, and myrrh (v. 25). But in any case it is clear that the bulk of Gilead fell to Gad, so that Gilead might stand for Gad (Judges 5:17). At times used for the entire Israelite territory east of the Jordan, where the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh lived. It was bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab and Ammon ( Genesis 31:21 ; Deuteronomy 3:12-17 ). In their cargo were “spices, balm, and myrrh.” Jeremiah 8 records God’s warning to Judah … Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor are its mountains mentioned in Scripture. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Gilead (Bible) on pronouncekiwi. Here are Gilead, Gileadite and related words in the Bible. The Arabic jilead means "rough," "rugged.". Josh 22:9ff. There no balm in Gilead during the rebellion of Absalom extended north and south what does gilead mean in the bible?. We should read Gilboa for Gilead ; is there no physician there main streams but! No balm in Gilead ( Bible ) on pronouncekiwi there also exists an theory. Then click Continue Bible ( “ is there no balm in Gilead ( Bible ) on pronouncekiwi out, invaluable... Village of any importance in the Bible Fund, in so far as they have been for centuries the of... Gilad is the first is a salve mixture made from plants that is used ) Israelite Trans-Jordan ( )... 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