A river birch is well suited for growing in constantly damp soils where most trees fail to thrive. This shade tree has highly symmetrical branching and upright pyramidal to upright oval form. There are many species of birch native to the northern hemisphere. The river birch is the only birch in the south to be found at low altitudes. In fact, the natural habitat of river birch extends from the eastern United States as far west as central Oklahoma. They are highly adaptable and a valuable tree for any landscape. It is fairly immune to disease or insect attack but is short-lived. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a large, pyramidal, upright habit. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. In the landscape it does require a great deal of water to thrive, in fact, it is recommended to plant in problematic low areas of the property to improve standing water issues. The wood is used for furniture, woodenware, and turned articles. A fairly fast-growing tree, river birch can reach a height of 70 feet or more. It usually grows near the lakes and rivers. Rating: 100 % of 100. It grows well in its natural habitat because the shallow root system has access to lots of moisture, and the crown of the tree receives lots of sunlight. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, oval at maturity with an irregular crown. Reports of this species in VT (e.g., Seymour 1982) are based on a collection taken from a cultivated plant— Charette 2345 (VT). Maryland Mstr. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. [].In Wisconsin, it is usually a small, multistemmed tree [].The bark is separated into thin papery scales, with coarse scales on lower trunks [].It is fairly short-lived … Alison Milligan is a full-time volunteer who dedicates her time to educating and engaging with residents and communities across Maryland. Categories: Native Plants, Native Trees, and Shade Plants. They will tolerate soil that is acidic, neutral, or alkaline, as well as poorly or well … This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. Also known as- … View Item. Paper Birch . River birch is found by large rivers of the coastal plain. Habitat The river birch is the only birch in the south to be found at low altitudes. The Golden Retriever is a dog breed that originated from Scotland, bred to retrieve shot waterfowl, like ducks or other upland game birds. This tree occurs in southern New England west through Pennsylvania, and southern Wisconsin to southeastern Minnesota; south to The fast-growing river birch has value in erosion control and as an ornamental and street tree. This plant has no children Legal Status. Spring weather has arrived and soon April’s rains will be here. The tree’s fruits mature in late spring or early summer, in contrast to the fall ripening of other birches. It is one of the first species to colonize streamsides and sandbars when flood waters recede because it produces many seeds which germinate quickly and its seedlings make rapid growth in early development. River Birch Trees "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. The natural habitat of a birch tree is along a riverbank. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. Betula nigra L. – river birch Subordinate Taxa. Signs that the tree is not happy are leaf drop and branch dieback. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. River birch (Betula nigra) is a medium-sized tree associated with moist, rich soils along streams, rivers and swampy locations. The river birch (Betula nigra) is named for its love of wet places, being native in wet sites from Minnesota and New Hampshire to Florida and Texas. It will tolerate moderate flooding as well as some drought. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. River birch is a medium to tall tree, growing 60-80 feet at maturity and about 40 wide. Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. In fact, the natural habitat of river birch extends from the eastern United States as far west as central Oklahoma. Time to get down and dirty with this field guide to the forest & rivers set. Chesapeake Bay Landscape Professional (CBLP). If you have an area that receives full to partial-sun and has average to wet soil I’d suggest you look at planting a landscape tree that looks great as a specimen or in a grove. River Birch LLC, which owns a Waggaman landfill adjacent to the one owned by Jefferson Parish, has reached an agreement to buy out the remaining three-and-a-half years of Waste Connections' In order to germinate in the dark, seeds need to be stratified for 60 days Seed germination : Sow seeds on the surface of the substrate in a nursery container to produce a seedling or sow them in a plastic container in the classroom under long day light conditions to observe germination. Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. River banks, riparian forests, lake shores. Common names are from state and federal lists. SKU. It … River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. It’s a medium to large dog at about 20 to 24 inches tall, weighing between 55 to 75 pounds. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. They’ll quickly be sent to your home and once they arrive, you’ll have another good reason to get outside! River Birch Living Virtual Town Hall, December 30 Please plan to join to learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and vaccination management at Christian Horizons communities with panelists, Monique Williams, MD, MSCI, Medical Director of New Horizons Living and Denise Dickens, RN, MSN, CCM, CIC, Executive Director of New Horizons Living. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Improving Deer Habitat In the northeastern third of Minnesota, mixed aspen forest is the most important forest type for deer. White Spruce . The paper birch has white, paper-like bark; the river birch has peeling bark. It forms several forks from the base, and each trunk leans outward. River birch is at home on somewhat poorly drained to well drained soils making it an easy choice for riparian buffers throughout the range of the species. Full sun. This entry was posted on Friday, March 20th, 2020 at … Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh NY-gruh Description. The map divides North America into 13 zones, of 10 degrees each, ranging from … This tree is native to swamplands and floodplains surrounding rivers and bogs, and it will grow best in locations that are similar to that natural habitat. In Birch Anthracnose, the irregular-shaped and brown-colored spots (with dark brown margins) appear on leaves. Tolerates moist areas. Red Dead Online – Naturalist Guide: Forest & Rivers Habitat Locations. Seldom harvested, it has been used in the manufacturing of inexpensive furniture, toys, basket hoops and turned articles. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. The major birch tree diseases which can hamper their growth are – leaf blister, birch anthracnose, birch canker and wetwood/slime flux. Omissions? What better way to spend a few minutes than by browsing the Direct Native Plants site and selecting some native plants for yourself or a friend. Facts. Trees typically live 50 -75 years. Norway Spruce . An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). River birch is hardy through zone 4 on the U.S. Department of Agriculture zone map. As low as $0.96. It grows well on moist well-drained soil but does not tolerate shade. Heritage® river birch. Though somewhat drought-tolerant, it grows best in moist soil and tolerates wet soil. The red-brown, deeply furrowed bark on an old trunk breaks into ragged, closely appressed scales; the upper trunk and branches are smooth, salmon pink to rose cinnamon, with a metallic lustre. The river birch grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. The bright spring foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop. In spring its green leaves appear, serrated and graceful, they persist until fall. It can also be a prominent species found in forested wetland communities and in areas containing moist soil, such as floodplains. Spicebush swallowtail butterfly caterpillar on spicebush. zone 4 ; in the wild, limited to moist areas and is most commonly found along stream banks and areas that flood ... makes best growth on moist river bottom soil, but has proven to be adaptable to dried sites ; develops chlorosis (iron) on soils above pH 6.5 ; better adapted … River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. black birch: birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark It is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m (80 ft), rarely to 30 m (100 ft), high with a trunk up to 50 cm (2 ft), rarely 150 cm (5 ft), diameter, often with multiple trunks. River Birch Tree Facts. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. Deciduous. It is also used commonly in landscaping. Habitat. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. River Birch Gifts is located in Locust Hill, Virginia. Prefers moist soil. River birch, Betula nigra, has graceful form and attractive bark. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. River Birch Trees "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. Native throughout the eastern U.S., it is typically found on the banks of rivers … If you’re anxious to get outside to get a bit of exercise, hear the birds, see some nature, may I suggest you help prevent stormwater runoff and improve the air quality around your home in the process? Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. The species name generally tells something specific about a plant and for the river birch, it … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. River Birch Hardiness Zone . Naturalist/Mstr. Our nursery has a special focus on plants that support wildlife and natural ecosystems in northeastern … River Birch (Betula nigra) is a tree for all seasons. River Birch Betula nigra. Zone 0; Zone 1; Zone 2; Zone 3; Zone 4; Zone 5; Zone 6; Zone 7; Zone 8; Zone 9; A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a … River birch, (Betula nigra), ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. Other notes. Birch requires well-drained soil, enough moisture and direct sunlight for the proper growth. As its name depicts, this birch is found along stream-sides. River Birch Gifts, Locust Hill, Virginia. Planting a tree is a way each of us can improve air quality, prevent stormwater runoff while also creating habitat and providing privacy. The river birch (Betula nigra) is named for its love of wet places, being native in wet sites from Minnesota and New Hampshire to Florida and Texas. River Birch. Birds in turn feed on these caterpillars, especially during spring migration and the summer breeding season. Habitats include bottomland deciduous woodlands, streambanks and low areas along rivers, drier areas of swamps, and acid gravelly seeps. Habitat & Range River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Banks of streams, by swamps etc, in deep rich soil that is often inundated for weeks at a time. eastern United States, from southern New England to Florida and west to Minnesota and Kansas. The trunk typically grows about 2 feet in diameter but occasionally will be much wider. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. It is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to leaf spot than the species. Alison Milligan River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. River birch is a popular, fast-growing native tree for the home landscape. Other important types are oak, balsam fir, jack pine, birch, upland brush, white cedar, and balsam poplar. States include: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansa… Betula nigra. River Birch (Betula nigra) Habitat. The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. French name: Bouleau fontinal. Habitat. River birch does not tolerate shade, a characteristic of "pioneer" species (plants that are the first to colonize an open habitat). Noteworthy Characteristics. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. August 4th, 2020 by Robert Fournier. The foliage of diamond-shaped, serrated bright green leaves deepens to dark green as … There are numerous species of birch tree, each with their own bark colors, shape and form, and pest susceptibility. Expand. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. The bottomland hardwoods in which river birch occurs are prime wildlife habitat, providing nesting sites for waterfowl, and food and cover for many animals . It will occasionally develop iron chlorosis in soil with neutral and higher pH. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/river-birch, United State Department of Agriculture - River Birch, Clemson Extension Home and Garden Information Center - River Birch, National Arbor Day Foundation - River Birch, Ohio Department of Natural Resources - Division of Forestry - River Birch. Red Maple . This higher heat tolerance is one reason River Birch is not so susceptible to the bronze birch borer that is so lethal to our other species when planted in hotter and drier urban sites. Categories: Native Plants, Native Trees, and Shade Plants This entry was posted on Friday, March 20th, 2020 at 3:20 pm. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Birds and butterflies are attracted to them and they can provide valuable shade along a patio or porch. How to Conceal an AC Unit, Road or Fence with Native Evergreens, Save Home Energy Costs Using Native Plant Landscaping. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Deer use jack pine forests as both summer habitat and in some cases as winter habitat in northern Minnesota. ... Their omnivorous diet includes shoots from willow and birch trees, aquatic plants and forbs. Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. View Item. It is most abundant in the hot, humid Southeast where the frost-free season averages from 210 to 270 days and annual rainfall averages about 1270 mm (50 in). As coronavirus is keeping many of us in our homes, let’s not go stir crazy – rather, take this time to do a bit of online shopping. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a large, pyramidal, upright habit. The wood is used for furniture, woodenware, and turned articles. With its geographic range encompassing almost the eastern half of the United States, river birch grows throughout a wide range of climate. Can be grown as a single trunk tree or as a multi-stemmed plant. The River Birch's native habitat is on the river banks. Cypress, Bald 1-0 (Taxodium … The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. The USDA Hardiness Zone Map identifies how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures. She helps them to create beautiful landscapes, protect our waterways and create habitat for local fauna using native plants. It grows well on moist well-drained soil but does not tolerate shade. River birch (Betula nigra) is a medium-sized tree associated with moist, rich soils along streams, rivers and swampy locations.It is the most common birch native to Iowa. It is the most common birch native to Iowa. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. Golden […] Seed dormancy: River birch seeds are non-dormant if germinated under long days (light for >16 hours). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. In Fall and through winter, as the leaves drop the attractive bark becomes the star. (614)881-5550. While our other four native birch species are restricted to the cooler northern temperate zone, River Birch's North American range extends all the way south the the Gulf of Mexico. About Us. The glossy, dark green wedge-shaped leaves are unevenly double-toothed, with hairy veins below. Isolated specimens have reached 100 feet (30.5 m), but the usual height range is 50 to 80 feet (15.2-24.4 m) and 24 to 36 inches (61-91 cm) d.b.h. Corrections? Hardiness zone(s) 0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b. medium sized tree, 50′ to 70′ or larger; oval or pyramidal when young; mature specimens exhibit a rounded to irregular crown; many times grows as a multistemmed plant; texture is medium; medium to fast growth rate; Has intense scent of peppermint … Leaves for Wildlife is a nursery specializing in plants that create habitat, restore ecosystems and draw wildlife closer to home. The bark is dark purple-brown and flakes less than other species of birch. Birch is known as pioneer species because it easily populates habitats destroyed by fire. River Birch Betulaceae. River birch is shade Birch trees are popular due to their airy and somewhat delicate foliage, as well as for their interesting bark characteristics. The bottomland hardwoods in which River Birch occurs are prime wildlife habitat, providing nesting sites for waterfowl, and food and cover for many animals. Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9 Growth Rate: Moderate to Rapid iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. The fast-growing river birch has value in erosion control and as an ornamental and street tree. View Item. Heritage river birch trees (Betula nigra 'Heritage') are disease resistant and have flexible habitat requirements. River birch is found by large rivers of the coastal plain. Native habitat: Massachusetts to Florida, west to Minnesota, Kansas and Eastern Texas. Catkins are beautiful in early spring (April). River birch reaches a mature size of 70 to 80 feet in height and 1 to 3 feet in diameter. Related Products. In such cases, spraying of appropriate fungicides help in birch tree care. Other names: Western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch. River birch, like other pioneer species, is not particularly pH sensitive and seems to be tolerant of soils that are in the 4.5 to 7.5 range. River Birch make incredible, long lived, fast growing windbreaks. Both comments and pings are currently closed. It is fairly immune to disease or insect attack but is short-lived. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Cultivars. It is most common along streams and in wet bottomlands in association with American elm, sycamore, red and silver maples, hackberry, boxelder, willows, and poplars. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : River birch is a medium-sized, native, deciduous tree. Gardener/Mstr. River Birch host caterpillars of the Mourning Cloak butterfly. River birch is at home on somewhat poorly drained to well drained soils making it an easy choice for riparian buffers throughout the range of the species. 1242. Generally, these requirements are satisfied when the tree is planted on the north or east side of the house, and when 3 to 4 inches of mulch are applied aroun… The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. As low as $0.96. River birch can be planted in swales, close to a home (10’ away), along a dry riverbed or even along the road – but not under power lines. As low as $0.43. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. As low as $0.43. A vigorous, fast-growing tree with beautiful, exfoliating, multi-colored bark. It will 1655 N County Road 605, Sunbury, OH 43074 ... Katydid eggs on river birch. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. Some nurseries plant two or three liners together to form a clump but these trunks will not fuse into one strong Related products. Most birches, except for Paper birch and River birch need low pH soils for a healthy growth. ‘Heritage’ river birch can be trained with one central leader or as a multi-stemmed tree. Like the species, it branches low on the trunk which makes it well-suited for use as a specimen tree, but the trunk must be cleared up for street or other urban uses to allow for pedestrian and vehicular clearance. Habitat and conservation Occurs in moist ground along streams and gravel bars. The river birch is often found in low-elevation regions from as north as Massachusetts to as south as northern Florida. Commonly 18 to 25 metres (60 to 80 feet) tall, river birch may reach 30 metres (100 feet) in the lower Mississippi River valley. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. PALATABILITY : NO-ENTRY NUTRITIONAL VALUE : NO-ENTRY COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : River birch is used for strip mine reclamation and erosion control [ 13 ]. There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. Habitat: Found in bottomland areas and along streams in eastern Iowa. 1 Review Add Your Review. zone 4; in the wild, limited to moist areas and is most commonly found along stream banks and areas that flood; Habit and Form. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When these two requirements are met the birch tree flourishes. River birch grows under full sun to full shade in highly acidic to slightly alkaline loam, clay or sand. Fall […] Updates? Spiny oak caterpillar. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Environments along river and stream banks, riparian forests, lake shores – leaf,! Trees and solve many landscaping challenges south as northern Florida with beautiful, exfoliating, multi-colored bark to. 0.4 inch ) long, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates not tolerate shade with and... 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