GSDP in Delhi at the prices for 2012–13 is estimated at Rs 3.88 trillion (short scale) against Rs 3.11 trillion (short scale) in 2011–12.[76]. [141] Key service industries are information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media and tourism. The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 14 °C (57 °F). New Delhi has a literacy rate of 89.38% according to 2011 census, which is the highest in Delhi. In 1757, the Afghan ruler, Ahmad Shah Durrani, sacked Delhi. [127], In terms of good governance and best administrative practices, Delhi was ranked fifth out of 21 Indian cities in 2014. Named after Prince Arthur, 1st Duke of Connaught (1850–1942), it was designed by Robert Tor Russell, chief architect to the Public Works Department (PWD). verified listings, affordable, ready to move, resale, new properties [29], With a total area of 42.7 km2 (16.5 sq mi),[1] New Delhi forms a small part of the Delhi metropolitan area. [145] The shortfall is met by private and public tube wells and hand pumps. [181] Delhi Metro completed 10 years of operation on 25 December 2012. The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi jointly administer New Delhi, where both bodies are located. Some of the important places of New Delhi are situated in Chanakya Puri, such as Bhikaji Kama Place, R.K Puram and Dhaula Kaun. Besides construction and operation of Delhi metro, DMRC is also involved in the planning and implementation of metro rail, monorail and high-speed rail projects in India and providing consultancy services to other metro projects in the country as well as abroad. [129], This article is about the New Delhi district, capital of India, within the union territory of, Location in Delhi (the area demarcated by the purple boundary), India. "Edwin Lutyens, New Delhi, and the Architecture of Imperialism,", This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 19:41. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. However, the Mughals re-established their rule after Akbar's army defeated Hemu during the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. Members of the legislative assembly are directly elected from territorial constituencies in the NCT. If you're looking for something really special, a 5-star hotel in New Delhi can be found for $55 per night, on average (based on Booking.com prices). Subsequently, housing for them has developed around Gole Market area in the 1920s. The International dialing code calculator will show how to dial to India – Delhi – New Delhi from any location in the world, with local area codes, trunk prefixes and international country codes Other urban areas of the metropolis of Delhi are administered by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD). The National Capital Region is a much larger entity comprising the entire NCT along with adjoining districts in neighbouring states which includes but is not limited to Ghaziabad, Noida, and Faridabad. Summers are long, extending from early April to October, with the monsoon season occurring in the middle of the summer. New Delhi lies on several fault lines and thus experiences frequent earthquakes, most of them of mild intensity. The Delhi–Mumbai and Delhi–Kolkata prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral start from the city. Explore New Delhi's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Delhi hosted the inaugural 1951 Asian Games, 1982 Asian Games, 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major host cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup. [94], Indira Gandhi International Airport, situated to the southwest of Delhi, is the main gateway for the city's domestic and international civilian air traffic. [98] In 2014, an environmental panel appealed to India's Supreme Court to impose a 30% cess on diesel cars, but till date no action has been taken to penalise the automobile industry. [96] According to one estimate, air pollution causes the death of about 10,500 people in Delhi every year. [45] Delhi was a major centre of Sufism during this period. [101] The airport functioned until 2001, however in January 2002 the government closed the airport for flying activities because of security concerns following the New York attacks in September 2001. For the next three hundred years, Delhi was ruled by a succession of Turkic and an Afghan, Lodi dynasty. This Impressive archway stands in the middle of a roundabout and looks surprisingly like L'Arc de Triomphe” in Paris. [116] The Delhi Metro has also been credited for significantly reducing air pollutants in the city. Print journalism remains a popular news medium in Delhi. Free parking. I would compare with Armani Dubai. [71] Other religious groups include Parsis, Buddhists and Jews.[73]. The New Delhi World Book Fair, held biennially at the Pragati Maidan, is the second-largest exhibition of books in the world. The network consists of eleven lines with a total length of 311 kilometres (193 miles) with 214 stations, which are a mix of underground, at-grade and elevated stations. Like all other Baháʼí Houses of Worship, is open to all regardless of religion, or any other distinction, as emphasised in Baháʼí texts. High-profile restaurants have gained popularity in recent years, among the popular restaurants are the Karim Hotel, the Punjab Grill and Bukhara. The same year, the Delhi government spent between 1.58% and 1.95% of its gross state domestic product on education. The reason for this choice was that the hill lay directly opposite the Dinapanah citadel, which was also considered the site of Indraprastha, the ancient region of Delhi. At the NSIT University campus, located in sector 3 Dwarka, pollution levels were as low as 93 PPM. The Railways and Services cricket teams in the Ranji Trophy also play their home matches in Delhi, in the Karnail Singh Stadium and the Harbax Singh Stadium, respectively. [130][131] The Rajpath which was built similar to the Champs-Élysées in Paris is the ceremonial boulevard for the Republic of India located in New Delhi. New Delhi is structured around two central promenades called the Rajpath and the Janpath. The city is also home to the Indian Premier League team Delhi Capitals, who play their home matches at the Kotla. The Yamuna river was the historical boundary between Punjab and UP, and its flood plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture but are prone to recurrent floods. [59] Levels of PM2.5 were recorded at 710 μg/m³, more than 11 times the World Health Organization's safe limit. Location: South Delhi, near Safdarjung Airport. English is primarily used as the formal language by business and government institutes. [252] Over 40,000 spectators watched the opening ceremony of the Games in National Stadium. [58] A treaty signed in 1752 made Marathas the protectors of the Mughal throne in Delhi.[59]. The property is located at a distance of 2.2 mi from the Indira Gandhi International airport. There are 18 designated parking sites at Metro stations to further encourage the use of the system. The city's classic dishes include butter chicken, dal makhani, shahi paneer, aloo chaat, chaat, dahi bhalla, kachori, gol gappe, samosa, chole bhature, chole kulche, gulab jamun, jalebi and lassi. On 15 August 1949, the National Museum was formally inaugurated and has 200,000 works of art, both of Indian and foreign origin, covering over 5,000 years.[86]. The first of these were in the southern part of present-day Delhi. The Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham temple, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, the Baháʼí Faith's Lotus Temple and the ISKCON temple are examples of modern architecture. [243] University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Jamia Millia Islamia are the central universities, and Indira Gandhi National Open University is for distance education. Two prominent features of the geography of Delhi are the Yamuna flood plains and the Delhi ridge. [61], During the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in India, The water quality of the Yamuna and Ganges river basins have improved as industries are closed due to the lockdown. She was the first and only woman to rule over Delhi. The Rajpath, also known as King's Way, stretched from the India Gate to the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Furthermore, no sermons can be delivered, and there can be no ritualistic ceremonies practised.[214]. [139][11] Delhi is also identified as the location of Indraprastha, the ancient capital of the Pandavas. 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